Most of this chapter is listing the cities that were given to the Levites, which is somewhat boring, at least to me. The most interesting thing to note is that all the cities of refuge are listed as Levite cities, which gives credence to the idea of sacred place = asylum. There is, after all, a reason we use “sanctuary” for both the inside of a religious building and the status of being safe.
The concluding paragraph made me laugh a little. It’s a resounding conclusion to the account of the conquest, declaring that “not one of all their enemies had withstood them, for the Lord had given all their enemies into their hands” (v 44). Oh come on, Joshua, you just got done talking about all the nations that they didn’t conquer, or didn’t even try to drive out, who were still living in their midst. You can’t have it both ways. I know that the emphasis here is on how God faithfully fulfilled his promises to give them the land, but that doesn’t erase the failures they made in taking it.
Of course, since completely taking the land would have resulted in even more genocide, I consider those “failures” lucky.
The Japanese: soukei “grand total” (v 41), reigai “exception,” minasu “to regard, to consider” (v 42).