A whole bunch of thoughts here, so let’s go through them in order.
(1) If you want to know the difference in status between men and women, note that Miriam’s death is covered in half a verse (v 1b), while Aaron’s requires 8 (v 22-29).
(2) Boy, none of the adult Israelites seems bothered by how God just tells them that they’re not going to make it to the promised land … or does this only refer to Moses and Aaron? Did Moses and Aaron just decide not to tell them? It does say that God revealed this to the two of them rather than the congregation, and I could see them deciding to keep it from the congregation rather than start another rebellion. So did Aaron’s death out that little secret? I’ll have to pay close attention to later chapters to see if this theory holds out.(3) I’m not sure whether Moses and Aaron’s sit was hitting the rock rather than just commanding it, or if it was how they ran to God in the first place rather than representing him the way they’re supposed to.(4) Moses leaves out the bit in his summary of the Israelite’s history (v 14-16) where their ancestors enslaved all the Egyptians in the first place. I’m still sticking to the idea that one of the lessons of Exodus is how oppression begets more oppression, and the cycle has to be broken.(5) On the one hand, Edom’s concerns seem pretty valid. A large horde of nomads wandering through your country with only their word that they won’t ravage your land? It makes sense that you’d want to keep them out. On the other hand, it’s an example of inhospitality to “the strange in your midst,” which is a major no-no in the Bible.(6) That Edom can raise an army to make them immediately back down also underscores how the census results in Numbers are major exaggerations. Supposedly the Israelites had 600,000 fighting men with them. Even taking into account some of the deaths during Korah’s rebellion, you’d still be well over half a million. Edom would have to raise an even larger army to face them, an impossible feet for a minor kingdom. Unless the implication is that Edom had friends? I haven’t talked much about how Biblical “history” doesn’t match what we know from archeology and other records, but Egypt actually controlled huge portions of Palestine for a long time. One theory is that Exodus is the memory of a rebellion against Egypt projected back to the time when many Semitic tribes were forced out of Egypt after the Hyksos Dynasty fell. Was Edom an ally or servant-state of Egypt?(7) Miriam and Aaron are both now dead, leaving Moses solely in charge, with his nephew Eleazar as high priest. Will Eleazar have a position comparable to his father’s? I don’t know, but I definitely want to find out!
The Japanese: maisou suru “to bury” (v 1), totou o kumu “to conspire together,” sakarau “to oppose, to defy” (v 2), kouben suru “to plead,” douhou “fellow countryman,” shi ni taeru “to die out, to go extinct” (v 3), ichijiku “fig” (v 5), hangyaku suru “to revolt, to rebel” (v 10; really ought to have known that one, I think it’s in the title of Code Geass), hotobashiru “to gush, to spurt” (v 11), kannan “affliction” (v 14), tsuuka suru “to pass through” (v 17), mukaeutsu “to intercept, to fight back” (v 18), gunsei “troops, army,” hikiiru “to command, to lead” (v 20), ukai “detour” (v 21), satoru “to realize, to see” (v 29).